St Thomas, US Virgin Islands

St Thomas is an island in the Caribbean Sea and together with Water Island, forms a county and constituent district of the United States Virgin Islands, and unicorporated territory of the United States of America.
The island was originally settled around 1500 BC by the Ciboney people. They were later replaced by the Arawaks and then the Caribs.
Christopher Colombus sighted the island in 1493 on his second voyage to the "New World". The Caribs barely survived the first decades of contact with Europeans, either due to disease, deportation into slavery or being killed.

In 1671 the Danish West India Company received its charter from King Christian V to occupy and take possession of St. Thomas and islands thereabouts that might be uninhabited and suitable for plantations. Part of the charter indicated that the Danish government would supply the company with as many male convicts as necessary for working the plantations and as many women, who were under arrest, as needed. Authorities would soon learn that convicts did not make good workers! The officials in St. Thomas would quickly welcome colonists from other neighboring islands and rely on African slaves for labor.
Due to the Danish bad management and after some negotiations, St Thomas was purchased in 1917 by the United States for $25 million in gold as part of a defensive strategy to maintain control over the Caribbean and the Panama Canal during First World War. 
Located on the island is the territorial capital and port of Charlotte Amalie. 


Though it’s only 32 square miles in size, St. Thomas has a million things to do. Go shopping and sailing, snorkeling and sightseeing, or diving and dining.
Relax on the beach in the morning, explore a colonial church in the afternoon, and have a romantic dinner in the evening. You can fly high on an aerial tour or go under the sea scuba diving, get pampered with massages or spend the day hiking in the Virgin Islands National Park. Such is the extraordinary day in the life of a visitor to the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Coral World Ocean Park is one of St. Thomas's greatest attractions. You can get a close up with the beauty of Caribbean marine life in a stunning setting, such as sea lions, turtles and sharks and learn more about these species.

You can explore some of the parks and reserves by taking a nature hike, or on a kayak excursion. Zip line, Butterfly Garden, tramway to Paradise Point ant the Botanical Gardens are just some of the island attractions.
Head to the hills on St. Thomas island for a stop at Mountain Top; or down towards the sea to the capital of the U.S. Virgin Islands, Charlotte Amalie. Charlotte Amalie is filled with history -- old churches, historic houses, watch towers and a fort! It is also home to the winter wonderland, Magic Ice. Visit popular areas like Frenchtown and Red Hook for a lunch break, or a stroll.

 The tropical climate shows little variation in temperature between seasons, thought there is a slightly less humidity in the summer months (August and September). Inland temperatures drop slightly because of the altitude. There is no particular rainy season, and when it does rain showers are brief.
Water is therefore scarce on the island.
Over the course of a year, the temperature typically varies from 23°C to 32°C and is rarely below 22°C or above 34°C

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